Ophthalmologist explains how the eyes need the same care as the skin during the summer.
Summer begins on the 21st. During the season, with warmer days and increased exposure to the sun, health care, especially with the eyes, should increase. Ultraviolet (UVB) rays are more aggressive at this time of year when the risks of burns, corneal irritations and infectious diseases are also higher.
According to Marcus Sáfady, president of the Brazilian Society of Ophthalmology, prolonged exposure to sunlight, without adequate protection, can lead to actinic keratitis and pterygium.”Actinic keratitis is an inflammation in the cornea, which usually occurs in patients exposed to the sun for 6 to 12 hours, with redness, pain in the area and sensation of sand.
Change in the membrane covering the eye, the pterygium is the result of years of exposure to the sun and dust.The disease is characterized by the growth of a red mass in the direction of the cornea, causing discomfort.With the symptoms, an ophthalmologist should be sought for indication of adequate eye drops and, in the most serious cases, the surgical procedure, “Sáfady said.
According to Thedressexplorer, to avoid eye problems, he recommends wearing quality caps and sunglasses, with protection against UVA and UVB radiation, which in excess can cause irreversible damage.”The UV filter protects the vision of the sun’s rays. Dark lenses of dubious quality are even more dangerous because when used, the patient’s pupil dilates, allowing a greater amount of radiation to enter. can cause cataracts, “he explained.
Conjunctivitis is also quite common in summer, as the transmitting bacteria proliferate mainly at high temperatures.Inflammation, which has the same symptoms as actinic keratitis, is contagious and caused by contaminated sea water, excess or lack of chlorine in swimming pools.The treatment is with application of filtered water or saline solution.It is advisable to avoid places with a high concentration of people.
According to the president of the Brazilian Society of Ophthalmology, any treatment should be prescribed by an ophthalmologist.He added that medications, such as ointments and eye drops, should not be used without a prescription.